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Iberia celebrates 95 years of its first flight

The Iberia airline celebrated the 95th anniversary of its first flight that linked Barcelona with Madrid, on December 14, 1927, which was carried out with a Rohrbach Roland trimotor with 10 people on board, luggage and cargo. From that moment to date, Iberia has offered daily flights between both destinations. As the story goes, the Rohrbach Roland flew at a speed of 205 kilometers per hour and they completed the journey in three and a half hours. Upon his arrival, that same day, King Alfonso XIII commemorated the act and thus made the company's entry into commercial flights official, six months after its foundation. Starting from this historic flight, Iberia offered daily flights between Madrid and Barcelona, ​​with a fleet of three Rohrbach Roland teams. Only the first month of operation they reached 75 flights and 287 passengers transported. Currently, this route has 86 weekly frequencies, which brings the number of daily flights to 15. In the winter season, Iberia will offer close to 700,000 seats, a figure that is already slightly above the pre-COVID capacity. 19 on this route. The airline operates between Madrid and Barcelona with Airbus A320neo aircraft, the most sustainable of its short- and medium-haul fleet and with greater capacity. Iberia in history After World War I, rapid advances in aeronautical technology began to make rapid travel to faraway places possible for business purposes. Germany had quite a few in Africa and South America, but had to make the trips by ship or train, since the Treaty of Versailles prohibited German planes from flying over French territory, so the possibility of expanding ties with Spain was explored, for what Deutsche LuftHansa established a general agreement with the Spanish government, on behalf of the German government, to authorize air services between the two countries. On June 28, 1927, Iberia, Compañía Aérea de Transportes, was created with an initial investment of $1.1 million pesetas, by the businessman Horacio Echeberrieta and the German Deutsche LuftHansa, which obtained authorization to establish commercial services between Madrid and Barcelona, ​​with a fleet of three Rohrbach Ro VIII Roland monoplanes purchased from the German airline.

The operations began on December 14 of the same year, the inaugural flight had a previous ceremony at the Carabanchel aerodrome, King Alfonso XIII and the president of Iberia, Horacio Echeberrieta, were present. The first flight left Madrid on time, at 12:30 LT (GMT+2), arriving in Barcelona three and a half hours later. But the return flight had to be diverted to Almazán Soria due to reduced visibility in Madrid due to snowfall. In its first year the government supported the company to offer mail transport between Madrid and Barcelona, ​​and Deutsche LuftHansa was given a 24% stake in Iberia after it was granted regular service between Germany and Spain, thereby that on January 5, 1928, the Barcelona-Marseille-Genoa-Zurich-Stuttgart-Leipzig-Erfurt-Berlin route began. In the middle of that year, a Dornier Do J Wal twin-engine was added to the fleet, which was used for a route between Cádiz and the Canary Islands, with which the feasibility of making a postal route to South America was tested, extending the route via Cape Verde.

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